Research strongly reject that the “you read first, then you follow” methodology, dividing the text in parts, improves the fluency of students who have a difficulty improving it.

To achieve an improvement in fluency, you need the students to imitate a model after they hear it.


  1. a) The teacher reads the text. It can also be played as a recording, stopping to repeat phrases or to point out words (this works especially well for students who are bad readers or dyslexic). While the model reading is being done, the unknown vocabulary is explained, and the adult can clarify things in the reading.
  2. b) The students read and repeat the phrases the teacher read. The teacher and the students can take turns reading different paragraphs. This technique is used a lot with students who have problems reading.
  3. c) They can also read in pairs. You ask the students to evaluate the fluency of the model or the fluency of their classmates. This makes them aware of the reading processes and motivates them to improve.
  4. d) Another technique is to use chorus reading. The adult reads, and the whole class reads with him.
  5. E) Sometimes, the models can be students who have trained in the reading of a text at home.